Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)

UAACOG is the subcontractor of Workforce

Innovation and Opportunity Act and provides services for the Colorado Workforce Centers in Chaffee, Fremont, Custer and Park Counties. Please follow the link to the Colorado

Workforce Center page.


or call 719-275-7408

The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) was enacted in 1998 as a workforce development system to replace the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA). WIA was a bipartisan effort enacted during Bill Clinton’s second term and introduced business services to the local delivery of workforce development. The principal vehicle for service delivery is the Workforce Investment Boards (WIB), which are chaired by a member of the business community. A majority of WIB members are also required to represent the interests of the private sector. The WIB, in collaboration with local elected officials, is responsible for overseeing the One-Stop system in each local area.


The biggest misconception about the WIA Program is that it is an entitlement program. Nothing could be farther from the truth. In actuality WIA is to be used as a last resort when all other avenues of funding have been exhausted. WIA is not a hand out it is a hand up and requires a dedication on the part of the client and case manager to insure that common measures are met and clients needs are best served.

WIOA can provide a Work Experience for their clients. This is where an individual who needs work experience to place on their resume or to gain employment is placed with an employer through WIOA.  The WIOA Program pays the employer for a pre-determined number of hours and ideally the employer then hires the client full time at the end. It is a win, win situation for both parties.


WIOA can also provide an On The Job Training for a client. This is where the employer provides the training an individual needs for a specific industry. As an example a plumber might provide all of the skills a client needs to become licensed and WIOA can help foot the bill for a certain amount of hours. This is more intensive and regimented than a work experience.

There are 4 categories of eligibility for WIA 
vDislocated Worker (DW)
vOut of School Youth
vIn School Youth

Adults are the largest category served by the WIA Program. They encompass anyone over age of 18.  There is no upper limit on the ages served through WIA.  Anyone is welcome to apply but all who apply may not be eligible.General eligibility is based on meeting a lower income guide. If an adult is on public assistance like TANF or Food Stamps that makes them automatically eligible for WIA. Veterans are also automatically eligible unless they were dishonorably discharged from the service. Unlike some assistance programs, you do not have to have children to be eligible. As an example of the income level that is being served, if you are single over the past 6 months you can make up to $8377 and be eligible for WIA Services which is 150% of poverty.           
          A dislocated worker or DW as they are known in the WIA World is person who is over 18 years old and through no fault of their own they have been dislocated from their job.  This generally means the business closed or slowed down so much it resulted in a layoff.  The other component of the DW Program is the that the person is unlikely to return to work like a permanent closing or layoff. A "DW" is automatically eligible for the WIA Program and income is not figured into the equation.  A "DW" can also be a displaced homemaker and that can be a homemaker who is divorced or widowed.
          Youth programs are specifically designed to have a variety of positive outcomes designed to guide the youth in a positive career path or into long term employment.The outcomes for youth are: basic skill sufficiency, obtaining a certificate of training or schooling, entering post secondary education or employment.  So a youth must obtain a certificate of training or schooling like obtaining a high school diploma, then the youth must go on to post secondary education or enter employment.Another outcome that needs addressing with youth is their basic skill level if, when they enter the program, they are out of school.  If they test below a 9th grade level they are considered BSD and the case manager is required to provide remediation. In order to have a positive on LN the youth must test at least at the 9th grade level.A youth who is over income can also be brought in on a 5% window. This helps to offset the income at only poverty level.